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Resilience depletion

The Role of Bread in Maintaining the Egyptian State

5 September 2016

Egypt is remembered around the world for the events of the “Arab Spring” of January-February 2011, centred around Tahrir Square which saw President Mubarak stand down. Since then there have been further upheavals and a continuing insurgency in the Sinai Peninsula. Social unrest remains a [read more]

China plans more dams and mega infrastructure in Tibet

21 March 2016

China’s new Five Year Plan calls for a fresh wave of hydropower and major infrastructure projects on a Tibetan plateau already hit by desertification and climate change – Beth Walker (The Third Pole) China’s just-released 13th Five Year Plan — which sets out the country’s economic and [read more]

Peak Population: What it Means for Global Resources, Part 1

30 November 2014

We are reproducing (with permission) this article from because of the excellent graphics. Presented by: Gainesville Coins Even with having existed for millions of years, the process for humans to reach 1 billion in population was long and arduous. It is only about 12,000 [read more]

New Research on Possible Sea Level Increases by 2100

21 October 2014

S Jevrejeva, A Grinsted and J C Moore have published new research in Environmental Research Letters (10 Oct. 2014) which estimates that there is a 95% chance that the level of global sea level increase by 2100 will not exceed 1.8 metres, although there remains a possibility (less than 5% [read more]

The World’s 10 Biggest Energy Gluttons

21 October 2014

By Andrew Topf | Mon, 29 September 2014 20:41 | 7 Next time you get into your car and drive to the supermarket, think about how much energy you consume on an annual basis. It is widely assumed that Westerners are some of the world’s worst energy pigs. While Americans make up just 5 percent of [read more]

BP’s Texas City Refinery Explosion 2005

14 October 2014

On the 23rd March 2005, a fire and explosion occurred at BP’s Texas City Refinery in Texas City, Texas, killing 15 workers and injuring more than 170 others.  The accident was a catastrophic process failure. The Texas City Refinery was the second-largest oil refinery in Texas and the third [read more]

Over the Peak – Why Peak Oil Matters

14 October 2014

In the last few days (written 14 October 2014) the headlines have focused on the increase in oil production from OPEC producers, now at its highest level since the summer of 2013 – In its monthly oil market report, OPEC said its oil production rose by 402,000 barrels a day in September [read more]

“Crude Oil The Supply Outlook”

29 October 2008

“Crude Oil The Supply Outlook” is a report to the Energy Watch Group published in October 2007.  The main objective of the report was to project the future availability of crude oil up to 2030. The report concludes that the peak of world oil production was in 2006, earlier than some [read more]

The Oil Drum

20 February 2008

The Oil Drum ( is a very useful resource for all those interested in oil reserves, Peak Oil and energy consumption. The material on the Site is solid and the contributors appear to know what they are talking about.  This is also a solidly international effort, not another [read more]